Iran, a victim of terrorism
Terror is not an emerging phenomenon. History is full of terrorist acts that have taken many innocent lives and endangered the lives, deprived people of their human rights, put the friendly relations between the governments at risk as well as thrown territorial integrity and security of states into jeopardy. Today, terrorism is not confined to national boundaries and considered as an international threat (at least in world’s public opinions). The International organizations including the United Nations have undertaken various activities in this regard so that there are currently 13 major conventions and protocols to deal with the fight against terrorism.Iranian terrorism
Invasion of world public opinions against Iran had begun after the occurrence of Islamic Republic, accusing Islamic Iran as an international threat. To demonstrate this claim, they have used several factors and accidents such as export of revolution, Iran hostage crisis, Iran’s alleged support for Islamic mujahedeen groups and Iranian efforts to acquire nuclear energy, in order to accuse Islamic Republic of Iran as a terrorist country.
Export of revolution
The probabilities of a pervasive revolution and massive rising in the strategic Middle East region after the emergence of the Islamic Revolution in Iran have drawn the western attention. The westerns viewed the export of revolution as an export of violence and insecurity and certainly, Israel position in the region would be endangered by pervasiveness of revolutions in the region which is in clear conflict with the national interests and international doctrines of westerns including Americans. As an example, United States used the mass risings occurred by Muslims in the Mecca’s Masjid Al-Haram concurrent with Islamic Revolution as a tool against Iran. However, Iran Supreme Leader said repeatedly that: “we must introduce Islam as what it is, by mass media.” He also said elsewhere that: “We want to export our Revolution, not by the sword rather, by publicity and propagation.” The export of revolution is not confined to Iran. French Revolution (1789) and Russia Revolution (1917) as well as so many other revolutions also have used this to expand their revolutionary thoughts. Moreover, many western countries have used the “export of Revolution” to build the current infrastructures of their systems.
Hostage-Taking and capture of the U.S. embassy in Tehran
Capture of the U.S. embassy in Tehran is one of the important occasions which affected deeply on Iran’ diplomatic relationships with other countries including U.S. Americans’ support for 28 Mordad 1332 coup in Iran and their role in the suppression of public uprisings including Chile uprising darkened the U.S image in Iran. U.S also harbored the Shah of Iran. After this occasion, U.S international reputation suffered enormous damages so that even a military operation near Tabas, Iran, on April, 1980 had no benefits for U.S. Thus, U.S directed the world public opinions against Iran. Although an attack on the Iran’s embassy in London in 1980 led to killing of two Iranian diplomats, capture of the U.S. embassy in Tehran terminated without any violence or bloodshed.
Supporting terrorist groups
Iran is called as the most active’ state sponsor of terrorism in the annual reports of U.S Congress and the U.S State of Department. This arises from Iran’s support for Lebanese and Palestinian resistance groups. This issue is depicted in a way that apparently Palestinians bomb the Israeli settlements! Israeli genocide against the Palestinians continues clearly, but international institutions have remained silent and western countries led by U.S even don’t review their full-scale support for Israel. U.S
Iran’s Nuclear Bombs
The significant development of the nuclear technology and realizing Iran as an independent country with powerful standing in in the region and the world has raised many concerns in the west. Therefore, western countries in order to disturb public opinions and to pressure Iran to abandon its nuclear activities need to bring a controversial rumor for its psychological warfare against Iran that says nuclear Iran would lead into nuclear bomb and finally nuclear war. This kind of psychological warfare questions the legitimacy of Iran’s peaceful nuclear technology. Western media have tried as hard as they can to represent Iran’s nuclear activities as huge threat to the world peace.
Nonetheless, the Islamic Republic of Iran has took some measures to nullify these rumors and to earn world’s trust such as allowing IAEA inspectors to investigate the nuclear compounds and Iran’s offer to Gulf and regional countries for contribution to build nuclear power plants.
Before invading Iraq, the United States spread propagandized the existence of WMDs in Iraq and set the ground for the attack while no signs of weapons were found. Disrupting public opinion by claiming Iran’s nuclear technology will result in nuclear war is one of the most powerful tools against Iran’s activities.
A country such as Israel which is not a member of NPT is under protection of the western countries. The secretary of Iran’s human rights judiciary committee Mohammad-Javad Larijani in an interview with NBC said:
“This is quite double standards policy we are facing. Israel which is a totally rebellious regime possesses nuclear arms, not a member of NPT and keeps committing crimes against the Palestinians and no one says anything and from the other side the world keep pressures Iran which is a member of NPT and not only doesn’t have nuclear bombs but only it is not after making such a thing.”
There many cases such as this one have been seen regarding human rights. When it is needed to put pressure on a country they do not mention it at all.
In the last 30 years, Iran has faced many types of terrorism and violent acts that mainly led to murder and terror. Iran has been a victim of the U.S actions that could be called “state terrorism”. In this regard, we can refer to attacking Iran airliner (June 1988) in which 290 people were killed and the attack on the oil platforms in Persian Gulf (October 1988). In both case the U.S pleaded guilty by The Hague International Court. But the most important issue in which the U.S is charged of terrorist acts is continues threatening to attack Iran. U.S also considered criminal for supporting terrorist militant groups. The Islamic Republic of Iran has been targeted by these criminal groups several times. MEK is one of these militant groups that killed more than 16.400 Iranian citizens after the revolution while at least 200 of them were politicians. This organization was recognized as an international terrorist group as a result of assassination political figures (1981-1984). This organization also supported Iraqi air attack on Iran after the ceasefire in August 1988. “Jundullah” is another terrorist group that conducts terrorist attacks inside Iran. In the last few years, they have committed a small-scale genocide in Tasouki area.
Iran has been the victim of drug trafficking too. Iran is the route for drug trafficking from Afghanistan to Turkey and then to Europe. UNODC secretary says that the value of narcotics produced in Afghanistan is estimated over than 1 Billion dollar while Iran pays lots of money for the transit. There were more than 3.600 dead and 11.000 people wounded due to the clashes with these terrorist armed groups which caused the spread of fear and terror across the borders.
Iran has been the victim of other terrorist groups’ crimes such as Pejak, Arab Union, Zealous Guerrillas, Royal Society of Iran and so on. During the heinous slaughter committed by Komoleh group in Kurdistan (1978-1980) many Iranian army soldiers were decapitated, killed and chopped with axes. This act is considered genocide and an ethnic crime. These people intend to murder a certain race or to spread a certain ideology.
After 1989 these terrorist actions were reduced in the country however these acts are being done following certain goals. As an example we can mention the assassination of high-ranking military officials (2000) or nuclear scientists (2010, 2012) and Iranian elites. Disrupting advanced industrial systems or hindering Iran’s nuclear technology is considered another type of targeted terrorism.