The Effects of Iran’s Discourse on the Palestinian Issue
The ending of the World War II and the emergence of a phenomenon called Israel in the Muslim world equations caused different reactions within the Muslim world.
The Palestine no longer had been considered as only a name of a territory or a part of usurped land of Islamic world, instead it considered as an obvious sign of encroaching on Islamic – Arabic identity.
In this article we’ll try to describe and analyze the position and role of Iran in the Palestinian issue using historical sociology and the basic phenomena in the social sciences.A- From the Israeli establishment to Islamic Revolution in Iran (1948-1979)
During a 30 years period since the Israeli establishment, many wars happened between Arabs and Israel which all of them ended with the victory of Israel due to Arab armies weakness, lack of a careful planning, leadership weakness as well as the lack of knowledge of the rules of the game in international politics. The result was that Egyptian leadership, as the only Islamic country that had participated in all the wars against Israel, extended its hand of friendship towards Israel and the Camp David peace treaty was signed. This event coincided with Islamic Revolution in Iran.
B- From the Islamic Revolution in Iran to Islamic Awakening (1979-2011)
The myth of Israeli invincibility and the successive defeats of Arab armies together with decreasing of initial excitements of Islamic societies in relation to Palestine had given Israel favorable conditions to stabilize its position and to experience normal relationships with its neighbors without any wars. Just when the Israeli-Egyptian leadership’s compromise had shocked the Islamic communities and led to discomfort of Islamic fighters from this large treachery, the Islamic Revolution in Iran had won. Islamic revolution, as a revolution which had placed its essence on the base of negation of injustice and colonialism and had overthrown one of the most important allies of Israel and West within theIslamic world, enjoyed modern bases. The leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution had introduced Palestine as an integral and unavoidable part of the Muslim world and had considered giving awareness to Muslim nations as only way to destroy Israel.
The new approach, with support for Islamic groups and movements and interaction with Islamic and non-Islamic Muslims, tried to give awareness in relation with Israeli regime’s crimes and de-legitimacy within Islamic societies and International level. The approach affected by Islamic Revolution in Iran was against the opinions of some western and Arabic countries and this, in turn, not only caused gaps between some Islamic countries in relation to Palestine but also created differences between Palestinian fighters.
During this 30 years period, none of Islamic countries’ armies invaded Israel. Instead, it was Israel which attacked Lebanon twice (1982 and 2006) and Gaza strip once (2008), but the results of wars was different with last times. The myth of Israeli invincibility was cracked and the Islamic groups which lacked in equipment and facilities of Arab armies imposed a defeat and failure on Israel, although this time Israel not only was supported by its western allies, but also it felt the cooperation from those Arab leaders who opposed with Iran and Palestinian and Lebanese resistance groups.
C- Islamic Awakening
After a multi-years delay, the formation of Islamic Awakening shook the bases of dictatorships. But, the main question is that who will get most benefit or loss from these changes? The collapse of Tunisian and Egyptian regimes together with destabilization of other Israel allies in the Middle East as well as numerous assaults on Israeli embassies in these countries and the antipathy wave of public opinions have complicated conditions for Israel survival.
The historical conditions influences on the way in which a phenomenon interact with other social phenomena that it is completely obvious in the Palestinian issue and its current fights. Palestine, as a phenomenon, originated from its historical conditions, but then it became the origin of formation of the many phenomena.
Currently, the historical conditions particularly the occurrence of Islamic revolution in Iran and Islamic Awakening has provided the best opportunity for Palestine cause and its fighters to repair the damage done to their Islamic identity and to hand over Palestine land to its real residents.
Mohammad Ali Mohammadi Pishkenari