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Real Iran

The name of Iran is the Modern Persian derivative from the Proto-Iranian term Aryānā,, meaning "Land of the Aryans", first attested in Zoroastrianism's Avesta tradition.

The term Ērān is found to refer to Iran in a 3rd century Sassanid inscription, and the Parthian inscription that accompanies it uses the Parthian term "aryān" in reference to Iranians.
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Role of People

In December 1979, the country approved a theocratic constitution, whereby Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country.

The speed and success of the revolution surprised many throughout the world, as it had not been precipitated by a military defeat, a financial crisis, or a peasant rebellion.

Although both nationalists and Marxists joined with Islamic traditionalists to overthrow the Shah.
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History

The earliest archaeological artifacts in Iran, like those excavated at the Kashafrud and Ganj Par sites, attest to a human presence in Iran since the Lower Paleolithic era. Neanderthal artefacts dating back to the Middle Paleolithic period have been found mainly in the Zagros region at sites such as Warwasi and Yafteh Cave.
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Government

The political system of the Islamic Republic is based on the 1979 Constitution. Accordingly, it is the duty of the Islamic government to furnish all citizens with equal and appropriate opportunities, to provide them with work, and to satisfy their essential needs.
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Science and New Technologies

The Iranian nuclear program was launched in the 1950s. Iran is the 7th country in production of uranium hexafluoride and controls the entire cycle for producing nuclear fuel.

Iran's current facilities includes several research reactors, a uranium mine, an almost complete commercial nuclear reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include a uranium enrichment plant.
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Culture

The culture of Iran is a mix of ancient pre-Islamic culture and Islamic culture. Iranian culture has long been a predominant culture of the region, with Persian considered the language of intellectuals during much of the 2nd millennium, and the language of religion and the populace before that.
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Foreign Relations

Iran's stated goal is to establish a new world order based on world peace and justice. Iran's foreign relations are based on two strategic principles: eliminating outside influences in the region and pursuing extensive diplomatic contacts with developing and non-aligned countries.

Iran maintains diplomatic relations with almost every member of the United Nations.
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Religion

Religion in Iran is dominated by the Twelver Shia branch of Islam, which is the official state religion and to which about 90% to 95% of Iranians belong. About 4% to 8% of Iranians belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, mainly Kurds and Iran's Balochi Sunni. The remaining 2% are non-Muslim religious minorities, including Bahá'ís, Mandeans, Hindus, Yezidis, Yarsanis, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians.
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Economy

The economy of Iran is the twenty-fifth largest in the world by GDP (nominal) and the eighteenth largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP). Iran's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures.
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Military

The Islamic Republic of Iran has two types of armed forces: the regular forces Islamic Republic of Iran Army, Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, Islamic Republic of Iran Navy and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), totaling about 545,000 active troops. Iran also has around 350,000 Reserve Force totaling around 900,000 trained troops.
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Recent Articles
Rohani’s presidency may bring reconciliation between Iran and Persian Gulf countries: article
Iran; world’s 15th leading scientific country
Remembering the Innocent Victims of Iran Air flight 655
The Messages of Iran’s Elections and Moderate Rouhani’s Victory
Recent Posts
August 13, 20214 months ago

Rohani’s presidency may bring reconciliation between Iran and Persian Gulf countries: article

The presidency of Hassan Rohani has created an opportunity for a potential reconciliation between Iran and some of its Arab Persian Gulf neighbors, according to an article published on the website of Eurasia Review on Monday.

Following are excerpts of the text of the article, written by Kanchi Gupta:
The swearing-in of Hassan Rohani as the seventh president of the Islamic Republic of Iran has raised hopes of a productive engagement between Tehran and the West.
July 24, 20215 months ago

Iran; world’s 15th leading scientific country

According to Scopus ranking, Iran’s scientific community has been placed in the 15th place which represents a breakthrough for the country’s scientific establishment.

Jafar Mehrad, Islamic World Science Citation Database (ISC) Director, made the announcement in Shiraz on Sunday, Real Iran reported.

Scopus which officially named SciVerse Scopus is a bibliographic database containing abstracts and documents for academic journal articles. It contains approximately 20,500 titles from over 5,000 international publishers, of which 19,500 are peer-reviewed » Read more

July 4, 20215 months ago

Remembering the Innocent Victims of Iran Air flight 655

Twenty five years ago on July 3, 1988, Iran Air Flight 655 (IR655) was shot down by USS Vincennes which led to the loss of life of 290 innocent civilian from six nations including 66 children. There were 38 non-Iranians aboard.

Flight 655, as a commercial flight, operated by Iran Air that flew on a Tehran-Bandar Abbas-Dubai route.

According to the United States Government, the crew mistakenly identified the Iranian Airbus A300 as an attacking F-14 Tomcat fighter. Contributing to the error was the fact that the aircraft did not respond to several inquiries to change course and did not identify itself clearly as civilian. The Iranian government maintains that Vincennes neglectfully shot down the civilian aircraft. The event produced a great deal of dispute and criticism of the United States. Several » Read more

June 19, 20216 months ago

The Messages of Iran’s Elections and Moderate Rouhani’s Victory

On Friday, 72 percent of the 50 million eligible Iranians had turned out to vote and moderate cleric Hassan Rouhani had secured just over the 50 percent of the vote needed to avoid a run-off.

Iranian Interior minister Mustafa Mohammad-Najjar told on Saturday that Rouhani had won Iran’s presidential elections with more than 18 million of the votes.

Iranians’ high turnout in Friday Elections and the victory of moderate Rouhani send several important messages to western countries and their allies.

» Read more

June 10, 20216 months ago

Iran opens new space-tracking center to monitor near-earth objects

Iranian Space Research Institute has opened a new facility center for monitoring space and tracking objects passing near the Earth. Iranian President visited the center in the town of Delijan, some 200 kilometers south of Tehran, on June 9, accompanied by other officials. Different news agencies reported that the center will share its data with agencies in other countries. The Iranian official responsive with the project was quoted as saying the purpose of the base is to secure Iran’s “space facilities” and to monitor objects, “especially satellites,” that pass overhead. He said the Delijan center uses radar, radio, and electro-optical tracking methods. Iran currently has nine command-and-control centers for its space program, including one in Syria.

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