Saturday, 23 July, 2016

Terror in France, again: How terrorism can be dealt with?


By: Abdolreza Ghofrani, Senior International Expert   

Over the past fortnight, the people of the world have been witnessing the homicide of innocent men, women and children in different regions and countries. Two weeks ago the reports of big explosions in Baghdad, taking the lives of large groups of peoples, were the headlines of the mass media; and last week the images of heartbreaking killing of a young black man in one the cities of the United States by the police topped the world news.

A few days later, the murder of five police officers by a young black man in Dallas, Texas reported by TVs. The mass homicide by unknown terrorist gangs in Nice, the touristic city in South France was catastrophic upshot of this nasty fledgling phenomenon.

It is pretty regrettable that the homicide of people in every country, no matter developed or developing, being in West or East, has turned into routine events and more regrettably gain momentum. If so, the death of the men in such appalling ways is quite painful, and results in abhorrence and deep fears and the worse, endanger world security. This is what everybody call it “terrorism”.

So far this hateful phenomenon and its origins have been extravagantly discussed, many have written on combatting this and numerous conferences held to find the ways to stop it. More over antiterrorism ways and means have been the theme topic of the agenda of all world leaders’ bilateral and multilateral as well as international deliberations. All this is done just to keep the global peace and make the world a safer place to live. Everybody, painstakingly, attempts to find the best ways and means to fight terrorism. So far many severe coordinated measures including strict limitation of the movements of suspected individuals and even the travelling of tourists and ordinary people have been taken. It, however, sounds these measures have not so far worked.

Given the type and nature of terrorist acts, it is now quite obvious that no longer one or a group of organizations or groups can be merely accounted for. Having said that, it seems that terrorism is becoming global, or it might already have gained serious international dimensions.

To combat terrorism, the problem is that so far the causes have been somewhat less focused and the effects have drawn much more attention. There is no doubt, however, that poverty, cruelty, injustice in the third world countries caused on the part of big powers and the their excessive greed for those countries’ wealth and natural resources are among the main reasons or theories of emerging and expansion of terrorism. This is what the scholars and political and economic scientists have reaffirmed time and again. Though this can be true but not absolute, and it is not the only factor and cannot be taken as a general principle. In other words, the poverty and the anguish of people in third world countries are influential factors, but how come the terrorism are spreading more and more in advanced and developed countries?

Given the recent deadly heartbreaking homicide, no longer one can claim that only expatriates and /or emigrants particularly from Middle East and North Africa to the West account for terrorist and destructive acts in Europe and North America.

Certainly if there have been terrorists from M.E. ,or other parts of the world among the violent criminals who have committed homicide and destruction, the recent gloomy events in the United States and probably France and other killings in Norway, however, prove that unfortunately terrorism have taken roots in any country , and committed by the citizens of that country.

Everybody is quite aware of Dravidian cult Christ’s Second Coming. The name “Branch Dravidian” is most widely known for the Waco siege of 1993 on their property (known as the Mount Carmel Center) near Waco, Texas. The 51-day siege, by the ATF, FBI, and Texas National Guard, resulted in the deaths of the Branch Davidians’ leader, David Koresh, as well as 82 other Branch Dravidian men, women, and children, and four ATF.

Moreover, Timothy McVeigh is another offshoot of terrorism in the United States. Timothy James McVeigh was an American terrorist convicted and executed for the detonation of a truck bomb in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. Commonly referred to as the Oklahoma City bombing, the attack killed 168 people and injured over 600.

According to the United States Government, it was the deadliest act of terrorism within the United States prior to the September 11 attacks, and remains the most significant act of domestic terrorism in United States history.

The recent episodes in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and Dallas, Texas, by and large, are undeniable facts that violence and terrorism in the Western countries are not merely imported from abroad but have roots in those societies too. Even some of those foreigners terrorist-to be who have born in western countries, have been grown up and educated in those countries, being customized with their life styles.

It is regretful that , there are a good number of western citizens who have voluntarily joined the group of ISIS ,being trained and prepared for terrorist acts in all countries of the world and most probably in their own too. Why on earth these westerners leave their cozy lives and welfare to join this criminal and predated gang? They are definitely better off in their own country.

Undoubtedly there must be some other factors working that motivate these people to join these murderers. So, other than the economic and financial conditions, it sounds pretty indispensible that this problem, psychologically and sociologically, be deeply studied. Because these factors certainly can have an influential impact on these people behaviors. To the best knowledge of this author, there are already several academic centers and universities in US and Europe working hardly on this issue and hope to work out solutions.

Last but not the least it is unfortunate that terrorism is becoming more and more problematical, or it is better to say this issue is an illness and a dangerous contagious one. So the collective measures and intensive and close cooperation of all counties to challenge this phenomenon is indispensable. We should not lose sight of the fact that unless this is done soon, more innocent victims, severe abhorrence and horrors and worse, an unsecured world would be inescapable. It is not exaggerated saying that combating terrorism and uproot it cannot be less important than nuclear disarmament, because now it sounds the former is much more destructive than the latter.

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